The rectangular national flag is diagonally divided into two parts with a white dragon on the divide. The upper half is yellow and the lower orange. The upper half signifies the secular power and authority of the king and the lower half represents the practice of religion and power of the Buddhism. The white dragon signifies the name of the country. The jewels in its claws stand for the wealth and perfection of the country.
Over 19 languages and dialects are spoken all over the country which makes Bhutan a multi-lingual society. Dzongkha was introduced as the national language of Bhutan. The language was used by the people working in the Dzongs (fortress). The dzongs was the seats of temporal and spiritual leaders.
17th December is marked as the National Day of Bhutan. On this day Gongsa Ugyen Wangchuck was crowned as the first king of Bhutan, in Punakha Dzong in 1907. He was elected unanimously by the people of Bhutan for restoring peace and order when he was the Trongsa Penlop.
Blue Poppy (Meconopsis horridula) found on the rocky mountain terrain above the tree line (3500-4500) is the national flower of Bhutan. It is delicate blue or purple tinged blooms with a white filament. It grows to a height of 1 meter. The flower which is liked with myth of a yeti was discovered by a British Botanist in 1933 in remote part of Sakteng.
The National tree
Big cypresses (Cupressus torulosa) found near religions structures in the temperate zone, between 1800 and 3500 metes is the National Tree of Bhutan. Cypress, is associated with religion believes.
The national bird
Raven is the national bird of Bhutan. Raven which represents the chief guardian deity of Bhutan Gonpo Jarodongchen (raven headed Mahakala) also ornaments the royal crown.
The national animal
Takin (budorcas taxicolor) is the national animal of Bhutan. Takins have thick neck and short muscular legs. They live in groups and are found above 4000 meters high on the north-western and far north eastern parts of the country. They feed on bamboos and weigh about 250 kilograms. This very rare animal is associated with religious history and mythology.
Archery is the national game of Bhutan. It is played between two teams wearing traditional dress. Each team members shoots a pair of arrow at a small wooded target placed 140 meters away. It is the most popular games played in Bhutan.